Shadow Behind the Edge

All human beings are born free  and with equal dignity and rights. They have a mind and a conscience  and they shall interact with spirit of brotherhood. This is the wording of the 1st article of the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights drawn up in 1945. Mankind and its dignity of individual  was defined a san insuperable borderline, a fixed point which cannot be left out of consideration,  a starting point from which everything must come from and develop.Seventy-five years later, these words sound as a far echo. The force of those words seams dissolved, thwarted by the distance between the ideal and the actual conditions. The verb becomes an empty frame, a nonsense, without the disrupting power  for which it had been pronounced.  The ideas, even the most noble ones, to be able to have the weight they deserve, must necessarily be put into practice. The ideas end up confined in  the world of utopias,  and utopias are too far away from the real world to be used as a point of reference. Thus, even the 1st Article of the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights looses its actual value when the reality it refers to denies it, ignores it, forgets it. This is why the banks break up, the words crumble, and the rights are lost in actual living everything becomes licit and possible. The traffic of human beings and the condition of refugees everywhere in the world are a witness of the distance between the ideal values and the values actually applied in reality More than a next target, a mirage difficult to reach. Escaping. Running away toward the north  where, it is said,  the rights are respected and people still have a value. Therefore, the desert, the heat, the thirst, the human being traffickers, the prisons, the laws against immigration, the police. And then the imprisonment centres, hunger, forced repatriation, the refugee centres: all walls that these persons have to pull down  to be able to be free again. The Eritrean dictatorship forces thousands of persons to abandon their country, their village, their family. They run away trusting in a better future: from Sudan, through Egypt, Israel and Syria. To reach Europe. To be trafficked, exchanges, sold various times to the traffickers, raped, beaten, and transported as  merchandise in red-hot container through the Sudan desert. Most of them end up in prison - Epyptian or Lybian lagers. The only alternative to imprisonment is the refugee centres in Ethiopia. Here, thanks to the intervention of UNHCR and above all of Fessaha of the  Gandhi NGO, these people  can live in a decent way. In the centre of Mai Aini, consisting of mud and metal plate houses, tents, emergency shelters,  the Eritrean refugees built schools for their children, small handicraft and commercial  as well as meeting points for the whole community. In the  Mai Aini and in the  Mai Sebri centers,  45000 persons are sheltered. Many of them have been living there for more than three years, waiting for being welcomed by a foreign country, which will never happen. The hope to be free men again in Eritrea is the hope with which these people plans the future, imagines and dreams about it. To exorcize the present talking about a different future without walls and bars, means giving back a meaning  and strength to the words,  granting them new energy. In place like these, in the middle of dust, poverty, suffering, mankind dignity meaning is built up again. The Declaration of Humn Rights is not etched on polished marble s labs, but scratched with the nails on skew and rusted plated, held together by a few twisted links and by the indestructible volition of a few persons of good will.

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